REVISED STATEMENT OF PRINCIPLES
GAMBLING ACT 2005
2022 – 2025
Gambling Act 2005 Statement of Principles
Valid from 31 January 2022 – 30 January 2025
- Gambling Act 2005
- The Gambling Commission
- Local Area Profile
- Authorised Activities
- General Statement of Principles
- Preventing gambling from being a source of crime and disorder
- Ensuring gambling is conducted in a fair and open way
- Protecting children and vulnerable people from gambling
- Public Health and Gambling
- Local Risk Assessments
- Premises licences
- Responsible Authorities
- Interested Parties
- Licence conditions
- Gaming Machines
- Gambling in Alcohol Licensed Premises
- Gambling in Clubs
- Unlicensed Family Entertainment Centre Permits
- Prize Gaming Permits
- Temporary Use Notices
- Occasional Use Notices
- Exchange of Information
- Appendix A – Map of the District of Wychavon
- Appendix B – List of Consultees
Located in the heart of England, Wychavon covers approximately 260 square miles and is the largest of six districts in Worcestershire. With a population of close to 130,000, the district comprises three main towns of Droitwich Spa, Evesham and Pershore, and nearly 100 villages and hamlets including the picturesque Cotswold village of Broadway.
The area is largely rural with a rich natural environment, diverse geology and historic heritage. The southern part of Wychavon forms part of the Cotswold’s Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. There are a number of sites of Special Scientific Interest. Local nature reserves, conservation areas and many listed buildings.
Pershore is known for its Georgian Architecture and is home to an impressive Norman abbey and the thriving Number 8 Community Arts Centre. In the south, Evesham is situated on the banks of the River Avon. Droitwich Spa is on the River Salwarpe and is situated on massive deposits of salt, which has been extracted since ancient times.
The district has excellent transport links by road and rail and has a thriving local economy, in which the diverse range of activities at licensed premises (including many public open spaces) play a prominent part.
We have produced the statement as required by the Gambling Act 2005 to provide information and guidance to applicants, responsible authorities and interested parties on the general approach that we will take to licensing. Specific details are provided by way of advice sheets, available from our web site or sent on request.
By promoting the licensing objectives, central to the regulatory regime created by the Act, this policy statement accords with our overall purpose which is to be “a leading, responsive and innovative council working to improve people’s lives”
The Licensing Objectives are:
- Preventing gambling from being a source of crime or disorder, being associated with crime or disorder or being used to support crime;
- Ensuring that gambling is conducted in a fair and open way, and
- Protecting children and other vulnerable persons from being harmed or exploited by gambling.
Together with colleagues across Worcestershire, we have produced this statement as required by
Section 349 of the Gambling Act 2005 (referred to in this statement as “the Act”), the Gambling Act
2005 (Licensing Authority Policy Statement) (England and Wales) Regulations 2006 and having
had regard to the Gambling Commission’s formal guidance issued under Section 25 of the Act (as
amended), the licensing objectives and to the views of those that we have consulted.
This statement is effective for three years from 31st January 2022. We will review it every three years, although the statement may also be reviewed from “time to time” and any amended parts re-consulted upon.
Nothing in this policy takes away the right of any person to make an application under the Act and to have that application considered on its merits; nor does it undermine the right of any person to object to an application or to seek a review of a licence where the law provides that they may do so. Applications will be considered in line with our statement of general principles, below.
1.1 This policy reflects and aims to support our three key priorities:- supporting people, strong economy and places and sustainable environment.
1.2 The Act provides for gambling to be authorised in a number of different ways. Our main functions are to:
licence premises for gambling activities, including the issue of provisional statements, regulate and grant permits for gambling and gaming machines in clubs, including
regulate gaming and gaming machines in alcohol licensed premises,
grant permits to family entertainment centres for the use of certain lower stake gaming machines,
grant permits for prize gaming,
receive and endorse notices given for the temporary use notices, receive occasional use notices for betting at tracks,
register small societies lotteries, maintain public register,
provide information to the Gambling Commission on issued licenses.
1.3 The Gambling Commission regulates remote gambling and issues personal and operating licences for premises. The “National Lottery” is also regulated by the Gambling Commission. Spread betting is regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority.
2.1 The Gambling Commission regulates gambling in the public interest. It does so by keeping crime out of gambling; by ensuring that gambling is conducted fairly and openly; and by protecting children and vulnerable people.
2.2 The Commission provides independent advice to the Government about the manner in which gambling is carried out, the effects of gambling, and the regulation of gambling generally. It also produces guidance under Section 25 of the Act detailing how local authorities should exercise their licensing functions.
2.3 In addition, the Commission’s role is to issue codes of practice under Section 24 of the Act about the manner in which facilities for gambling are provided, and how those provisions might be advertised.
2.4 Information about the Gambling Commission can be found on the Internet at:
www.gamblingcommission.gov.uk or by phone: 0121 230 6666.
3.1 Alongside its Statement of Principles, the Licensing Authority has worked with the other Licensing Authorities in Worcestershire and other partners to develop a “Local Area Profile” for the County as a means of mapping out local areas of concern, which can be reviewed and updated to reflect changes to the local landscape.
3.2 This Local Area Profile takes account of a wide range of factors, data and information held by the Licensing Authority and its partners. An important element of preparing the Local Area Profile has been proactive engagement with responsible authorities as well as other organisations in the area that could give input to ‘map’ local risks in the area.
3.3 These include public health, mental health, housing, education, community welfare groups and safety partnerships, and organisations such as GamCare or equivalent local organisations.
3.4 The aim of the Local Area Profile is to increase awareness of local risks and improve information sharing, to facilitate constructive engagement with licensees and a more coordinated response to local risks. The Local Area Profile will also help to inform specific risks that operators will need to address in their own risk assessments, which forms a part of any new licence application, or any application made to vary a licence.
3.5 The Local Area Profile is published on the Licensing Authority’s website and will be updated on a regular basis to reflect changes to the local environment. Holder’s of premises licences will be notified whenever the Local Area Profile is updated.
4.1 “Gambling" is defined in the Act as gaming, betting, or taking part in a lottery.
gaming means playing a game of chance for a prize,
betting means making or accepting a bet on the outcome of a race, competition, or any other event; the likelihood of anything occurring or not occurring; or whether anything is true or not, and
a lottery is an arrangement where persons are required to pay in order to take part in an arrangement whereby one or more prizes are allocated by a process which relies wholly on chance.
5.1 In carrying out our licensing functions in accordance with the Act, particularly with regard to premises licenses, we will aim to permit the use of premises for gambling as long as it is considered to be :-
- in accordance with any relevant Codes of Practice issued by the Gambling Commission
- in accordance with any relevant Guidance issued by the Gambling Commission in accordance with this Statement of Principles, and
- reasonably consistent with the licensing objective
5.2 We will not seek to use the Act to resolve matters that are better dealt with by other legislation. Licensing is not the primary mechanism for general control of nuisance and the antisocial behavior of people once they are away from licensed premises.
5.3 We will ensure that in dealing with applications under the Act we follow the required procedures, and only take into account issues that are relevant. Specifically we will not have regard to “demand” when considering applications for gambling premises; nor will we consider the suitability of applicants for premises licenses (which is a matter for the Gambling Commission). We will not reject an application on moral grounds. We will also not take into account the likelihood of the grant of planning permission or building regulation approval. If we do decide to reject an application, we will make known our reasons for doing so.
5.4 Our current Council Constitution (including the scheme of delegation) details the way that we will discharge our functions under this Act. Details are available from the Licensing Team.
5.5 Where an application is for a new premises licence, the responsible authorities may visit to check that gambling facilities meet all necessary legal requirements.
5.6 Where there are no representations (objections), licenses and permissions will be granted subject only to any appropriate mandatory conditions (Section 167 of the Act) and any conditions having at least the effect of appropriate default conditions made under Section 168.
5.7 If there are objections that can't be resolved informally, or we intend to impose extra conditions, we will hold a public hearing at which our Licensing Sub-Committee will hear evidence and make a decision in accordance with the Act.
5.8 This statement is not intended to override the right of any person to make an application under the Act, and to have that application considered on its merits. Equally, this Statement of Principles is not intended to undermine the right of any person to make representations about an application or to seek a review of a licence where provision has been made for them to do so.
6.1 The Gambling Commission takes the leading role in preventing gambling from being a source of crime, and maintains rigorous licensing procedures aiming to prevent criminals from providing facilities for gambling. Applicants must hold an operating licence from the Commission before we will issue a licence to use premises for gambling.
6.2 Because we will not issue a premises licence to someone who does not hold an operator’s
licence, we will not concern ourselves about the suitability of an applicant. Where concerns about a person’s suitability arise we will bring those concerns to the attention of the Commission.
6.3 If an application for a licence or permit is received in relation to premises which are in an area noted for particular problems with organised crime, we will, in consultation with the Police and other relevant authorities, consider whether specific controls need to be applied to prevent those premises from being a source of crime. This could include a requirement for Security Industry Association (“SIA”) registered door supervisors.
6.4 Disorder will only be considered under this Act if it amounts to activity which is more serious and disruptive than mere nuisance, and where it can be shown that gambling is the source of that disorder. A disturbance might be serious enough to constitute disorder if police assistance was required to deal with it; we will then consider how threatening the behaviour was to those who could see or hear it, and whether those people live sufficiently close to be affected or have business interests that might be affected.
6.5 “Disorder” is generally a matter for the Police; we will not use this Act to deal with general
nuisance issues, for example, parking problems, which can be better dealt with using
6.6 When making decisions relating to disorder, we will give due weight to comments made by the police.
7.1 The Gambling Commission does not expect local authorities to become concerned with ensuring that gambling is conducted in a fair and open way. The Commission regulates management of the gambling business and the suitability and actions of an individual through the operating and personal licensing regimes.
7.2 Because betting track operators do not need an operating licence from the Commission we may, in certain circumstances, apply conditions of licence relating to the suitability of the environment in which betting takes place.
8.1 The intention of the Act is that children and young persons should not be allowed to gamble and should be prevented from entering those gambling premises which are “adult-only‟
8.2 Codes of Practice, including advice about access by children and young persons may be published by the Gambling Commission for specific kinds of premises. Applicants will be expected to heed this advice where applicable.
8.3 We expect steps to be taken to prevent children from taking part in, or being in close proximity to, gambling. This may include restrictions on advertising to ensure that gambling products are not aimed at children, nor advertised in such a way that makes them particularly attractive to children.
8.4 When determining a premises licence or permit we will consider whether any additional measures are necessary to protect children, such as the supervision of entrances, the segregation of gambling from areas frequented by children and the supervision of gaming machines in non-adult gambling specific premises like pubs, clubs and betting tracks.
8.5 In seeking to protect vulnerable people we will include people who gamble more than they want to, people who gamble beyond their means, and people who may not be able to make informed or balanced decisions about gambling, perhaps due to a mental impairment, alcohol or drugs.
8.6 We will always treat each case on its own individual merits and when considering whether specific measures are required to protect children and other vulnerable people will balance these considerations against the overall principle of aiming to permit the use of premises for gambling.
8.7 The Licensing Authority is required by regulations to state the principles it will apply in exercising its powers under Section 157(h) of the Act to designate, in writing, a body which is competent to advise the authority about the protection of children from harm.
These principles are:
- The need for the body to be responsible for an area covering the whole of the Licensing Authority’s area.
- The need for the body to be answerable to democratically elected persons, rather than any particular vested interest group.
8.8 In accordance with the suggestion in the Gambling Commission’s Guidance for local authorities, this authority designates the Worcestershire Safeguarding Children Partnership for this purpose.
9.1 The Licensing Authority agrees with the Gambling Commission’s position that gambling-related harm should be considered as a public health issue.
9.2 Gambling is a legitimate leisure activity enjoyed by many and the majority of those who gamble appear to do so with enjoyment, and without exhibiting any signs of problematic behaviour. There are however significant numbers of people who do experience significant harm as result of their gambling.
9.3 For these problem gamblers, harm can include higher levels of physical and mental illness, debt problems, relationship breakdown and, in some cases, criminality. It can also be associated with substance misuse.
9.4 There can also be considerable negative effects experienced by the wider group of people around a gambler. The health and wellbeing of partners, children, and friends can all be negatively affected.
9.5 Therefore the Licensing Authority considers that Public Health teams, whilst not a responsible authority under the Act, can still assist the Licensing Authority to address gambling-related harms in its area.
9.6 The licensing authority will therefore engage with the local Public Health team in the further development of this Statement of Principles and the Local Area Profile. It is planned that the Public Health team will be able to help the Licensing Authority:
- Identify and interpret health data and evidence to inform the review of the Statement and develop locally tailored local area profiles.
- Make decisions that benefit and protect the health and wellbeing of local communities.
- Be clear on issues which they can have regard to when deciding on licenses for a wide range of gambling activities.
- Conduct a health-impact assessment of gambling in the local area or assess any existing information.
10.1 Since 6 April 2016 it has been a requirement for operators to assess local risks to the licensing objectives taking into account this Council’s Policy. The operator must also have policies, procedures and control measures in place to mitigate these risks. Risk assessments must be reviewed whenever there are significant changes in local circumstances, or at the premises, or when applying for a new licence or a variation of a licence. Risks in this context include actual, potential and possible future emerging risks to the licensing objectives.
10.2 The Licensing Authority will expect the local risk assessment to consider, for example:
- whether the premise is in an area of deprivation;
- whether the premise is in an area subject to high levels of crime and/or disorder;
- whether the premise is near an addiction treatment facility and in general consider the demographics of the area in relation to vulnerable groups;
- the location of sensitive buildings such as schools, playgrounds, toy shops, leisure centres, libraries and other areas where children are likely to gather; and
- how vulnerable persons as defined within this Policy are protected.
10.3 In compiling their local risk assessment the Licensing Authority shall also expect operators to take into account the general principles as set out in this Policy and the Local Area Profile.
10.4 Other matters that the risk assessment may include are, for example:
- Staff training, including refresher training, e.g. such as intervention when customers show signs of excessive gambling, in the mandatory licensing conditions, in location of the premises licence; in location of information relating to gambling care providers, etc.;
- Where installed, details of CCTV coverage including how the system will be monitored, how footage will be stored, for how long the footage will be stored and how footage will be made available to the relevant authorities in a format that can be easily viewed without the need for specialist software;
- Layout of the premises to ensure staff have unobstructed views of persons using the premises or where this is not possible, evidence of how this can be achieved;
- The number of staff employed at the premises at any one time taking into account any effects from seasonal trade in the area.
- Where only one staff member is employed in the case of smaller premises, what the supervisory and monitoring arrangements are when that person is absent from the licensed area or distracted for any other reason;
- Provision of signage and documents relating to games rules, gambling care providers;
- What mix of gambling is provided;
- Consideration of primary gambling activity and location of gaming machines;
10.5 Operators are expected to share their risk assessments with the Licensing Authority when applying for a new Premises Licence, applying for a variation to an existing licensed premise or otherwise upon request. These risk assessments must in any event be kept under regular review and updated as necessary. The Licensing Authority expects a copy of the most recent local risk assessment to be kept on each premises that is subject to a premises licence under the Gambling Act 2005.
10.6 The information contained within the risk assessment may be used to inform the decision the Licensing Authority makes about whether or not to grant the licence, to grant the licence with special conditions or to refuse the application.
10.7 However, in all circumstances each application will be treated on its own merits with the onus on the applicant providing the Licensing Authority with sufficient information to make their determination with the underpinning statutory aim of permitting gambling subject to being reasonably consistent with the licensing objectives.
10.8 In its Guidance to Licensing Authorities, the Gambling Commission suggests that Licensing Authorities should adopt a ‘Local Area Profile’. The Guidance suggests that a Local Area Profile is a process of gathering and presenting information about a locality and any particular areas of concern within that locality. It underpins and explains the approach that the Licensing Authority will apply when granting licences. The Licensing Authority has created a Local Area Profile to assist applicants and licence holders to conduct their local risk assessments.
10.9 The Licensing Authority expects local risk assessments to be kept under review and updated as necessary. The Licensing Authority expect local risk assessments to be subject to a review whenever there is a significant change at or near the premises and in any event at least every twelve months.
11.1 A premises licence can authorise the provision of facilities at the following:
casino premises bingo premises
betting premises, including betting tracks
adult gaming centres
family entertainment centres
11.2 Premises can be “any place‟ but the Act generally prevents more than one premises licence
applying to any one place. A single building could be subject to more than one premises
licence provided they are for different parts of the building and those parts can be reasonably
regarded as being separate “premises‟.
11.3 Large, genuinely multiple unit premises such as shopping malls or service stations may be able to obtain separate premises licenses, with appropriate safeguards in place. We will pay particular attention if there are issues about sub-divisions of a single building or plot and mandatory conditions relating to access between premises are observed. We do not consider that areas of a building that are artificially or temporarily separated, for example by ropes or moveable partition, can properly be regarded as different premises. Whether different parts of a building can properly be regarded as being separate premises will depend on the individual circumstances of the case.
11.4 A particular requirement might be for entrances and exits from parts of a building covered by one or more licenses to be separate and identifiable so that the separation of the premises is
not compromised and people are not allowed to “drift” accidentally into a gambling area. It
should normally be possible to access the premises without going through another licensed
premises or premises with a permit. We would also expect customers to be able to participate in the activity named on the premises licence.
11.5 The Secretary of State appointed an independent Casino Advisory Panel to advise the Government on the areas in which small and/or large casinos may be located. Wychavon District Council was not identified as a suitable location for a casino; consequently we are currently prevented from granting a Casino Premises Licence.
11.6 The Council has not passed a resolution under section 166(5) of the Gambling Act 2005 to not issue casino premises licences. If such a resolution were considered in the future, the Council would carry out a full public consultation and consider all responses before passing such a resolution.
11.7 We will not turn down applications for premises licenses where relevant objections can be dealt with through the use of licence conditions.
11.8 Other than an application for a betting premises licence for a track, we are not able to issue a premises licence unless the applicant holds the relevant operating licence from the Gambling Commission.
11.9 When considering applications for premises licenses we will not take into account either the expected “demand‟ for facilities or the likelihood of planning permission or building regulation approval being granted, nor will we take into account “moral‟ objections to gambling.
Equally, the grant of a premises licence would not prejudice or prevent any action that may be appropriate under the law relating to planning or building regulations.
11.10 We will only issue a Premises Licence once we are satisfied the premises are ready to be used for gambling in the reasonably near future. Where we have agreed to grant a licence but substantial building works or alterations are still required we will impose a condition requiring the premises to be inspected on completion of the work and prior to the issue of the licence. Where the construction of a premise is not yet complete or if they need alteration an application for a Provisional Statement may be made. If an applicant does not have a right to occupy premises then an application for a Provisional Statement should be made as having a right to occupy premises is a pre-condition to making a Premises Licence application.
11.11 We will apply a two stage consideration process if there is outstanding construction or alteration work at the premises:
- should the premises be permitted to be used for gambling?
- can appropriate conditions be imposed to cater for the situation that the premises is not yet in the state in which they should be before gambling takes place?
11.12 We are entitled to decide whether or not it is appropriate to grant a licence subject to conditions.
11.13 Applicants for premises licenses are encouraged to propose any prohibitions or restrictions of their own in circumstances where it is felt that the presence of children would be undesirable or inappropriate.
11.14 We will maintain a public register of Premises Licence applications received which may be viewed at our website at www.wychavon.gov.uk or the Council Offices in Pershore on request.
12.1 Responsible authorities are identified in the legislation, and are notified about licence applications so that they can identify any risks. The responsible authorities that we recognise are listed below. Specific contact details are available on our website www.wychavon.gov.uk and will be sent on request.
- The Gambling Commission
- The Chief of Police for the area
- Fire & Rescue Service
- Wychavon DC Planning Department
- Environmental Services Department (Environmental Protection team
- Worcestershire Safeguarding Children Partnership
- HM Revenue and Customs
- Any other bodies identified in Regulation by the Secretary of State,
- For vessels, the Environment Agency, Canal and River Trust, Secretary of State.
12.2 Concerns expressed by a Responsible Authority cannot be taken into account unless they are relevant to the application itself and the licensing objectives. However, each representation will be considered on its own individual merits.
13.1 An interested party is someone who:
lives sufficiently close to the premises to be likely to be affected by the authorised activities, or
has business interests that might be affected by the authorised activities, or represents persons in either of the two groups above.
13.2 We will generally require written evidence that a person/body “represents‟ someone who either has business interests or lives sufficiently close to the premises to be likely to be affected by the proposed activities. Elected ward members, an MP or Town or Parish Councillors for the area in which the proposed premises are situated do not require written evidence that they are acting for a particular “interested party”. However, these persons should be aware of the need to represent the balanced view the whole of the community that they serve rather than a subset of that community.
13.3 In determining whether someone lives sufficiently close to particular premises so as to be affected, we will take into account, among other things:
- the size of the premises
- the nature of the premises
- the distance of the premises from the person making the representation
- the nature of the complaint
- the potential impact of the premises
13.4 In determining whether a person has a business interest which could be affected we will consider, among other things:
the size of the premises
the catchment area of the premises, and
whether the person making the representation has business interests in the catchment area that might be affected
13.5 If an existing gambling business makes a representation that it is going to be affected by another gambling business starting up in the area, we would not consider this (in the absence of other evidence) as a relevant representation if the representation does not relate to the licensing objectives and instead relates to demand or competition.
13.6 We may consider a representation to be either frivolous or vexatious, and reject it. This will generally be a matter of fact given the circumstances of each individual case but, before coming to a decision we will normally consider:
who is making the representation and whether there is a history of making representations that are not relevant,
whether it raises an issue relevant to the licensing objectives, and
whether it raises issues specifically to do with the premises which are the subject of the application.
14.1 In most cases the mandatory and default licence conditions would normally suffice to ensure promotion of the licensing objectives at individual premises. However in particular cases where there is evidence to support it, we may find it necessary to impose conditions beyond the appropriate mandatory and default conditions. Any such conditions will be relevant to the need to make the building suitable for use as a gambling facility; directly related to the premises and the type of licence applied for; fairly and reasonably related to the scale and type of premises and reasonable in all other respects. We will not have recourse to a pool of standard conditions.
14.2 We will also ensure that where category B or C machines are on offer in premises to which children are admitted, and are located in an area of the premises which is separated by a physical barrier to prevent access other than through a designated entrance, that the designated area is supervised and observed by staff or the licence holder.
14.3 Examples of conditions which are likely to be attached in certain circumstances include those relating to opening hours, segregation of gambling from non-gambling areas frequented by children, SIA licensed door supervisors, appropriate signage for adult only areas, age limits,
or keeping children and young persons away from gaming machines. We will also expect the applicant to offer their own suggestions as to ways in which the licensing objectives can be promoted effectively.
14.4 We will not seek to control those matters specified in the Act with conditions:
- which make it impossible to comply with an operating licence condition imposed by the Gambling Commission,
- relating to gaming machine categories or method of operation,
- which specify that membership of a club or other body is required, or in relation to stakes, fees, winnings or prize
14.5 Duplication with other statutory or regulatory regimes will be avoided as far as possible. The need for conditions will be assessed on the specific merits of each application.
15.1 Gaming machines include all types of gambling activity which can take place on a machine,
including betting on “virtual‟ events.
15.2 The Act itself prescribes the number and category of gaming machines that are permitted in each type of gambling premises.
15.3 Subject to the provisions of the Act, gaming machines can be made available in a wide variety of premises, including:
- bingo premises
- betting premises (including tracks)
- adult gaming centres
- family entertainment centres
- pubs and other alcohol licensed premises
- travelling fairs
15.4 A machine is not a gaming machine if the winning of a prize is determined purely by the player’s skill. However, any element of ‘chance’ imparted by the action of the machine would bring it within the definition of a gaming machine.
15.5 The Licensing Authority will encourage permit and premises licence holders to adopt applicable codes of practice which may be introduced by the amusement industry or Gambling Commission, from time to time.
16.1 There are exemptions in the Act that provide for a limited amount of gambling activity to take place within premises that are subject to a relevant valid alcohol licence.
16.2 These exemptions only apply where a premises is subject to a licence that authorises the sale of alcohol for consumption on the premises and that has a bar at which alcohol is served without a requirement that alcohol is served only with food.
16.3 In all cases the licensing authority considers that gambling must remain ancillary to the main purpose of the premises.
Automatic entitlement to two gaming machines
16.4 Section 282 of the Act provides an automatic entitlement to alcohol licence holders to make available two gaming machines (of category C or D) for use in alcohol-licensed premises. To take advantage of this entitlement, the person who holds the on-premises alcohol licence must give notice to the Licensing Authority of their intention to make gaming machines available for use, and must pay the prescribed fee.
16.5 This is not an authorisation procedure. The Licensing Authority has no discretion to consider the notification or to turn it down. The only matter to determine is whether the person applying for the automatic gaming machine entitlement is the holder of the alcohol licence and whether the prescribed fee has been paid. There is no statutory requirement for pubs and other alcohol-licensed premises to display a notice of their automatic entitlement to gaming machines.
16.6 The Licensing Authority expects licence holders making machines available in accordance with their automatic entitlement to comply with the Gambling Commission’s code of practice for gaming machines in clubs and premises with an alcohol licence.
16.7 The Licensing Authority can remove the automatic authorisation in respect of any particular premises by making an order under section 284 of the Act. The Licensing Authority can do so if:
- provision of the machines is not reasonably consistent with the pursuit of the licensing objectives
- gaming has taken place on the premises that breaches a condition of s.282, for example the gaming machines have been made available in a way that does not comply with requirements on the location and operation of gaming machines
- the premises are mainly used for gaming
- an offence under the Act has been committed on the premises.
16.8 Before making an order, the Licensing Authority will give the licensee at least 21 days’ notice of the intention to make the order and will consider any representations that they may make. The Licensing Authority will hold a hearing if the licensee so requests and will comply with any other procedural requirements set out in regulations. If there is no appeal, the order will take effect 21 days after notice of the intention was given. The Licensing Authority must give the licensee a copy of the order and written reasons for making it. The licensee may appeal to the Magistrates’ Court.
Licensed Premises Gaming Machine Permits
16.9 Where the holder of a relevant alcohol licence wishes to make more than two gaming machines available, they may apply for a licensed premises gaming machine permit. Such a permit can authorise the provision of any number of category C or D gaming machines within the relevant licensed premises.
16.10 The Licensing Authority expects licence holders making machines available in accordance with a licensed premises gaming machine permit to comply with the Gambling Commission’s code of practice for gaming machines in clubs and premises with an alcohol licence.
16.11 Applications must be made by a person or organisation that holds the on-premises alcohol licence for the premises for which the application is made and must include information on the premises to which it relates and the number and category of gaming machines sought.
16.12 The Licensing Authority may also require an applicant to submit a plan of the premises showing where the gaming machines are to be located and showing the position of the bar.
16.13 In determining an application, the Licensing Authority must have regard to the licensing objectives and to the Gambling Commission’s Guidance to Licensing Authorities. The Licensing Authority may also take account of any other matters that are considered relevant to the application.
16.14 In particular the Licensing Authority will have regard to the size and nature of the premises, the number of gaming machines requested and the ability of the licence holder to comply with the relevant code of practice.
16.15 The application does not require notification to the Commission or police before determination, however, the Licensing Authority is able to specify this as a requirement should they see fit.
16.16 The Licensing Authority may grant or refuse an application. In granting the application, it may vary the number and category of gaming machines authorised by the permit. If granted, the Licensing Authority will issue the permit as soon as possible after that. Where they refuse the application they will notify the applicant as soon as possible, setting out the reasons for refusal. The Licensing Authority will not refuse an application, or grant it for a different number or category of machines, unless they have notified the applicant of their intention to do so and given the applicant an opportunity to make representations, orally, in writing, or both.
16.17 The Licensing Authority is able to cancel a permit. It may only do so in specified circumstances which include if the premises are used wholly or mainly by children or young persons or if an offence under the Act has been committed. Before it cancels a permit the Licensing Authority will notify the holder, giving 21 days notice of intention to cancel, consider any representations made by the holder, hold a hearing if requested, and comply with any other prescribed requirements relating to the procedure to be followed. Where the Licensing Authority cancels the permit, the cancellation does not take effect until the period for appealing against that decision has elapsed or, where an appeal is made, until the appeal is determined.
16.18 The Licensing Authority can also cancel a permit if the holder fails to pay the annual fee, unless failure is the result of an administrative error. The court may order forfeiture of the permit if the holder is convicted of a relevant offence.
16.19 The applicant may appeal to the Magistrates’ Court against the Licensing Authority’s decision not to issue a permit. The holder can also appeal against a decision to cancel a permit.
16.20 Exempt gaming is generally permissible in any relevant alcohol licensed premises. Such gaming must be equal chance gaming and must be ancillary to the purposes of the premises. This provision is automatically available to all such premises, but is subject to statutory stakes and prize limits determined by the Secretary of State.
16.21 Equal chance gaming is gaming that does not involve staking against a bank and the chances of winning are equally favourable to all participants. It includes games such as backgammon, mah-jong, rummy, kalooki, dominoes, cribbage, bingo and poker.
16.22 The Secretary of State has set both daily and weekly prize limits for exempt gaming in alcohol licensed premises and details of these can be found on the Gambling Commission’s website.
16.23 The Licensing Authority expects exempt gaming in alcohol licensed premises to comply with the Gambling Commission’s code of practice on equal chance gaming in clubs and premises with an alcohol licence.
16.24 The Licensing Authority can remove the automatic authorisation for exempt gaming in respect of any particular premises by making an order under s.284 of the Act, if:
- provision of the gaming is not reasonably consistent with the pursuit of the licensing objectives
- gaming has taken place on the premises that breaches a condition of s.279, for example the gaming does not abide by the prescribed limits for stakes and prizes, a participation fee is charged for the gaming or an amount is deducted or levied from sums staked or won
- the premises are mainly used for gaming
- an offence under the Act has been committed on the premises.
16.25 Before making an order, the Licensing Authority will give the licensee at least 21 days’ notice of the intention to make the order and consider any representations that they may make. The Licensing Authority will hold a hearing if the licensee so requests and will comply with any other procedural requirements set out in regulations. If there is no appeal, the order will take effect 21 days after notice of the intention was given. The Licensing Authority must give the licensee a copy of the order and written reasons for making it. The licensee may appeal to the Magistrates’ Court.
17.1 The Act creates a separate regime for gaming in clubs from that in other relevant alcohol licensed premises. It defines two types of club for the purposes of gaming:
- members’ clubs (including miners’ welfare institutes)
- commercial clubs.
17.2 This is an important distinction in respect of the gaming that may take place.
17.3 A members’ club is a club that is not established as a commercial enterprise and is conducted for the benefit of its members. Examples include working mens' clubs, miners' welfare institutes, branches of the Royal British Legion and clubs with political affiliations.
17.4 Miners’ welfare institutes are associations established for recreational or social purposes. They are managed by representatives of miners or use premises regulated by a charitable trust which has received funds from one of a number of mining organisations.
17.5 A commercial club is a club established for commercial gain, whether or not they are actually making a commercial gain. Examples include commercial snooker clubs, clubs established as private companies and clubs established for personal profit.
17.6 The Licensing Authority expects exempt gaming in clubs to comply with the Gambling Commission’s code of practice on equal chance gaming in clubs and premises with an alcohol licence.
17.7 Exempt gaming is generally permissible in any club. Such gaming must be equal chance gaming and be ancillary to the purposes of the club. This provision is automatically available to all such premises, but is subject to statutory stakes and prize limits determined by the Secretary of State.
17.8 Equal chance gaming is gaming that does not involve staking against a bank and the chances of winning are equally favourable to all participants. It includes games such as backgammon, mah-jong, rummy, kalooki, dominoes, cribbage, bingo and poker.
17.9 The Secretary of State has set both daily and weekly prize limits for exempt gaming. Different higher stakes and prizes are allowed for exempt gaming in clubs than are allowed in alcohol-licensed premises and details of these can be found on the Gambling Commission’s website.
17.10 Clubs may levy a charge for participation in equal chance gaming under the exempt gaming rules. The amount they may charge is as prescribed in regulations and the relevant details can be found on the Gambling Commission’s website. However in order to qualify as exempt gaming, clubs may not charge a rake on games (a commission or fee deducted from the prize fund), or levy or deduct an amount from stakes or winnings.
17.11 The Licensing Authority expects exempt gaming in clubs to comply with the Gambling Commission’s code of practice on equal chance gaming in clubs and premises with an alcohol licence.
Club Gaming Permits
17.12 The Licensing Authority may grant members’ clubs and miners’ welfare institutes (but not commercial clubs) club gaming permits which authorise the establishments to provide gaming machines, equal chance gaming (without having to abide by the stake and prize limits which would apply to exempt gaming in the absence of a permit) and games of chance as prescribed in regulations namely pontoon and chemin de fer. This is in addition to the exempt gaming authorisation detailed above.
17.13 Club gaming permits allow the provision of no more than three gaming machines. These may be from categories B3A, B4, C or D but only one B3A machine can be sited as part of this entitlement.
17.14 Where a club has gaming machines the licensing authority expects the club to comply with the Gambling Commission’s code of practice for gaming machines in clubs and premises with an alcohol licence.
Club Machine Permits
17.15 If a members’ club or a miners’ welfare institute does not wish to have the full range of facilities permitted by a club gaming permit, they may apply to the Licensing Authority for a club machine permit under s.273 of the Act. This type of permit authorises the holder to have up to three gaming machines of categories B3A, B4, C and D.
17.16 Commercial clubs are also able to apply for a club machine permit, although such a permit does not allow the siting of category B3A gaming machines by commercial clubs.
17.17 Where a club has gaming machines the Licensing Authority expects the club to comply with the Gambling Commission’s code of practice for gaming machines in clubs and premises with an alcohol licence.
Applications for Club Gaming Permits and Club Machine Permits
17.18 Applications for permits must be accompanied by the prescribed documents and fees and must be copied to the Gambling Commission and the Chief Officer of Police within the prescribed period. The Commission and the Police may object to the permit being granted and if such objections are received, the Licensing Authority will hold a hearing.
17.19 The Licensing Authority may grant or refuse a permit, but it may not attach any conditions to a permit.
17.20 The Licensing Authority can only refuse an application on the grounds that:
- the applicant does not fulfil the requirements for a members’ or commercial club or miners’ welfare institute and therefore is not entitled to receive the type of permit for which it has applied
- the applicant’s premises are used wholly or mainly by children and/or young persons
- an offence under the Act or a breach of a permit has been committed by the applicant while providing gaming facilities
- a permit held by the applicant has been cancelled in the previous ten years
- an objection has been lodged by the Commission or the police.
17.21 If the Licensing Authority is satisfied that (a) or (b) is the case, it must refuse the application. The Licensing Authority will have regard to relevant guidance issued by the Commission and (subject to that guidance), the licensing objectives.
17.22 In cases where an objection has been lodged by the Commission or the police, the Licensing Authority is obliged to determine whether the objection is valid.
17.23 There is a fast-track procedure for clubs in England and Wales which hold a club premises certificate under s.72 of the Licensing Act 2003. Under the fast-track procedure there is no opportunity for objections to be made by the Commission or the police, and the grounds upon which the Licensing Authority can refuse a permit are reduced.
17.24 This is because the club or institute will already have been through a licensing process in relation to its club premises certificate under the 2003 Act, and it is therefore unnecessary to impose the full requirements of Schedule 12.
17.25 Commercial clubs cannot hold club premises certificates under the Licensing Act 2003 and so cannot use the fast-track procedure.
Determining Applications for Club Gaming Permits
17.26 When determining applications for Club Gaming Permits the Licensing Authority will take steps to satisfy itself that the club meets the requirements of the Act and to enable this to happen, clubs may be asked to supply additional information and documents in support of their application.
17.27 The Licensing Authority is particularly aware of the potential for club gaming permits to be misused for illegal poker clubs.
17.28 In determining whether a club is a genuine members’ club, the Licensing Authority will take into account the matters set out in relevant part of the Gambling Commission’s Guidance to Licensing Authorities.
17.29 A visit to the premises before granting of the permit may also be undertaken to assist the Licensing Authority to understand how the club will operate.
Maintenance of Permits
17.30 Club Gaming Permits and Club Machine Permits will have effect for ten years, unless it ceases to have effect because it is surrendered or lapses or is renewed. However, a permit granted under the fast-track procedure does not expire, unless it ceases to have effect because it is surrendered, cancelled or forfeited or it lapses.
17.31 A permit will lapse if the holder of the permit stops being a club or miners’ welfare institute, or if it no longer qualifies under the fast-track system for a permit. In addition, a permit will cease to have effect upon being surrendered to the authority. A notice to surrender must be accompanied by the permit or a statement explaining why it cannot be produced. The Licensing Authority must inform the Police and the Commission when a permit has been surrendered or lapsed.
Cancellation and forfeiture of permits
17.32 The Licensing Authority may cancel the permit if:
- the premises are used wholly by children and/or young persons
- an offence or breach of a permit condition has been committed in the course of gaming activities by the permit holder.
17.33 Reference here to ‘a permit condition’ means a condition in the Act or in regulations that the permit is operating under.
17.34 Before cancelling a permit, the Licensing Authority will give the permit holder at least 21 days’ notice of the intention to cancel and consider any representations that they may make.
17.35 The Licensing Authority will hold a hearing if the permit holder so requests and will comply with any other procedural requirements set out in regulations. If there is no appeal, the cancellation will take effect 21 days after notice of the intention to cancel was given. The Licensing Authority will notify the permit holder, the Commission and the police that the permit has been cancelled and the reasons for the cancellation.
Renewal of permits
17.36 In accordance with paragraph 24 of Schedule 12 of the Act, an application for renewal of a permit must be made during the period beginning three months before the licence expires and ending six weeks before it expires. The procedure for renewal is the same as for an application.
17.37 The duration of the permit will not be curtailed while a renewal application is pending, including an appeal against a decision not to renew.
17.38 If, at the time a permit is renewed, the applicant holds a club premises certificate, the fast-track procedure will apply as it does when application is first made for the permit.
18.1 Unlicensed family entertainment centres (uFEC) are able to offer only category D machines in reliance on a gaming machine permit. Any number of category D machines can be made available with such a permit, although there may be other considerations, such as fire regulations and health and safety, to take into account. Permits cannot be issued in respect of vessels or vehicles.
18.2 uFECs are premises which are ‘wholly or mainly’ used for making gaming machines available. The permit cannot therefore be granted for an entire shopping centre, airport or bowling alley, for example.
Applications for Unlicensed Family Entertainment Centre Permits
18.3 The application for a permit can only be made by a person who occupies or plans to occupy the premises to be used as an uFEC and, if the applicant is an individual, he or she must be aged 18 or over. Applications for a permit cannot be made if a premises licence under the Gambling Act 2005 is in effect for the same premises. The application must be made to the licensing authority in whose area the premises are wholly or partly situated.
18.4 The application must be submitted on Licensing Authority’s standard form and be accompanied by the prescribed application fee. The Licensing Authority also requires the application to be accompanied by a plan of the premises that will be used as an uFEC, which shows the location of any gaming machines that will be provided if the permit were to be granted.
18.5 The Licensing Authority requires applicants for uFEC permits to provide a Basic Disclosure certificate issued by the Disclosure and Barring Service (DBS) within a period of one month before the application is made.
Consideration of Applications
18.6 The Licensing Authority can grant or refuse an application for a permit, but cannot add conditions. An application for a permit may be granted only if the licensing authority is satisfied that the premises will be used as an uFEC, and if the chief officer of police has been consulted on the application.
18.7 When considering an application, the Licensing Authority will consider the suitability of the applicant. Given that family entertainment centres are likely to appeal particularly to children and young persons, the licensing authority will give particular weight to matters relating to the protection of children from being harmed or exploited by gambling.
18.8 In considering the application, the Licensing Authority shall have regard to the Gambling Commission’s Guidance to Licensing Authorities and will also have regard to the licensing objectives.
18.9 The Licensing Authority may also consider asking applicants to demonstrate:
- that they have suitable policies and procedures in place for the safeguarding of children and young persons.
- a full understanding of the maximum stakes and prizes of the gambling that is permissible in uFECs
- that the applicant has no relevant convictions (those that are set out in Schedule 7 of the Act)
- that employees are at the premises are suitably vetted
- that employees are trained to have a full understanding of the maximum stakes and prizes.
18.10 The Licensing Authority may not refuse an application unless it has notified the applicant of the intention to refuse and the reasons for it, and given them an opportunity to make representations orally or in writing or both.
18.11 The permit will have effect for ten years, unless it ceases to have effect because it is surrendered or lapses or is renewed. There is no annual fee for an uFEC gaming machine permit
18.12 The permit may lapse for a number of reasons, namely:
- if the holder ceases to occupy the premises
- if the Licensing Authority notifies the holder that the premises are not being used as an uFEC
- if an individual permit holder dies, becomes incapable by reason of mental or physical incapacity, becomes bankrupt, or sequestration of his estate is ordered
- if the company holding the permit ceases to exist, or goes into liquidation.
Renewal of a Permit
18.13 An application for renewal of an uFEC gaming machine permit must be made during the period beginning six months before the permit expires and ending two months before it expires. The procedure for renewal is the same as for an application. Licensing Authority may only refuse to renew a permit on the grounds that:
- an authorised local authority officer has been refused access to the premises without reasonable excuse
- renewal would not be reasonably consistent with the licensing objectives. In this respect, the licensing authority will have the benefit of having consulted the chief officer of police and will be aware of any concerns that have arisen about the use of the premises during the life of the permit.
18.14 The duration of the permit will not be curtailed while a renewal application is pending, including an appeal against a decision not to renew.
19.1 Gaming is prize gaming if the nature and size of the prize is not determined by the number of people playing or the amount paid for or raised by the gaming. Normally the prizes are determined by the operator before play commences.
19.2 A prize gaming permit is a permit issued by the Licensing Authority to authorise the provision of facilities for gaming with prizes on specified premises.
Applications for Prize Gaming Permits
19.3 An application for a permit can only be made by a person who occupies or plans to occupy the relevant premises and if the applicant is an individual, he must be aged 18 or over. An application for a permit cannot be made if a premises licence or club gaming permit is in effect for the same premises under the Gambling Act 2005. The application must be made to the Licensing Authority in whose area the premises are wholly or partly situated.
19.4 The application must be submitted on Licensing Authority’s standard form and be accompanied by the prescribed application fee. The Licensing Authority also requires the application to be accompanied by a plan of the premises that will be used for gaming with prizes.
19.5 The Licensing Authority requires applicants for prize gaming permits to provide a Basic Disclosure certificate issued by the Disclosure and Barring Service (DBS) within a period of one month before the application is made.
Consideration of Applications
19.6 In considering an application, the licensing authority shall have regard to the Gambling Commission’s Guidance to Licensing Authorities and will also have regard to the licensing objectives.
19.7 The Licensing Authority can grant or refuse an application for a permit, but cannot add conditions.
19.8 The Licensing Authority will grant a prize gaming permit only if they have consulted the chief officer of police about the application. The Licensing Authority will take account of any objections that the police may wish to make which are relevant to the licensing objectives.
19.9 Relevant considerations would include the suitability of the applicant in terms of any convictions that they may have that would make them unsuitable to operate prize gaming; and the suitability of the premises in relation to their location and any issues concerning disorder.
19.10 A permit cannot be issued in respect of a vessel or a vehicle.
19.11 The Licensing Authority will ask the applicant to set out the types of gaming that they are intending to offer and expects that the applicant should be able to demonstrate that:
- they understand the limits to stakes and prizes that are set out in regulations
- the gaming offered is within the law.
19.12 The Licensing Authority will not refuse an application unless they have notified the applicant of the intention to refuse and the reasons for it, and given them an opportunity to make representations orally or in writing or both.
19.13 If granted, the permit will have effect for ten years, unless it ceases to have effect, lapses or is renewed. There is no annual fee for prize gaming permits.
19.14 The permit may lapse for a number of reasons:
- if the holder ceases to occupy the premises
- if an individual permit holder dies, becomes incapable by reason of mental or physical incapacity, becomes bankrupt, or sequestration of his estate is ordered
- if a company holding the permit goes into liquidation
- if the holder (for example a partnership) otherwise ceases to exist.
Renewal of a Prize Gaming Permit
19.15 An application for renewal of a permit must be made during the period beginning six months before the permit expires and ending two months before it expires. The procedure for renewal is the same as for an application.
19.16 A permit will not cease to have effect while a renewal application is pending, including an appeal against a decision not to renew.
20.1 These allow the use of premises for gambling where there is no premises licence but where a gambling operator wishes to use the premises temporarily for providing facilities for gambling. We would object to notices where it appears that their effect would be to permit regular gambling in a place that could be described as one set of premises. Premises that might be suitable for a temporary use notice would include hotels, conference centres and sporting venues. A temporary use notice may only be granted to a person or company holding a relevant operating licence.
20.2 Temporary use notices may only be used to permit the provision of facilities for equal chance gaming, where the gaming is intended to produce a single overall winner. Equal chance gaming is gaming which does not involve playing or staking against a bank and gives equally favourable chances to all participants. Examples of equal chance gaming include games such as backgammon, mah-jong, rummy, kalooki, dominoes, cribbage, bingo and poker.
21.1 We have very little discretion as regards these notices aside from ensuring that the statutory limit of 8 days in a calendar year at a particular premises is not exceeded. Whilst tracks are normally thought of as permanent racecourses, this can also include land which has a number of uses for example agricultural land upon which a point-to-point meeting takes place. Land used temporarily as a track can qualify, provided races or sporting events take place or will take place there. The track need not be a permanent fixture.
21.2 The Licensing Authority will share information with the Gambling Commission in relation to any Occasional Use Notices received. The Licensing Authority may also work in partnership with the Gambling Commission to carry out test purchase operations involving licensed operators that are providing facilities for betting in reliance on an Occasional Use Notice.
22.1 A lottery is any arrangement that satisfies all of the criteria contained within the statutory description of either a simple lottery or a complex lottery, under s.14 of the Act.
22.2 An arrangement is a simple lottery if:
- persons are required to pay to participate
- one or more prizes are allocated to one or more members of a class
- the prizes are allocated by a process which relies wholly on chance.
22.3 An arrangement is a complex lottery if:
- persons are required to pay to participate
- one or more prizes are allocated to one or more members of a class
- the prizes are allocated by a series of processes
- the first of those processes relies wholly on chance.
22.4 The Gambling Act 2005 provides that promoting or facilitating a lottery is illegal, unless it falls into one of two categories of permitted lottery, namely:
- licensed lotteries – these are large society lotteries and lotteries run for the benefit of local authorities that are regulated by the Commission and require operating licences
- exempt lotteries – there are four types of exempt lottery that are expressly permitted under Schedule 11 of the Act, including the small society lottery.
22.5 The Licensing Authority is responsible for the registration of societies for the purpose of carrying on “small society lotteries.” Information on other forms of exempt lotteries is available from the Gambling Commission website.
22.6 The Licensing Authority defines ‘society’ as the society, or any separate branch of such a society, on whose behalf a lottery is to be promoted, and needs to understand the purposes for which a society has been established in ensuring that it is a non-commercial organisation.
22.7 Section 19 of the Act defines a society as such if it is established and conducted:
- for charitable purposes, as defined in s.2 of the Charities Act 2006
- for the purpose of enabling participation in, or of supporting, sport, athletics or a cultural activity
- for any other non-commercial purpose other than that of private gain.
22.8 It is inherent in this definition that the society must have been established for one of the permitted purposes as set out in section 19 of the Act, and that the proceeds of any lottery must be devoted to those purposes. It is not permissible to establish a society whose sole purpose is to facilitate lotteries.
22.9 The Licensing Authority with which a small society lottery is required to register must be in the area where their principal office is located. If the Licensing Authority believes that a society’s principal office is situated in another area, it will inform the society and the other Licensing Authority as soon as possible.
22.10 Applications for small society lottery registrations must be in the form prescribed by the Secretary of State and be accompanied by both the required registration fee and all necessary documents required by the Licensing Authority to assess the application.
22.11 If there is any doubt as to the status of a society that makes application for registration to carry on small society lotteries, the Licensing Authority may require the society to provide documentary evidence in support of their application. The types of evidence that may be required include, but are not restricted to:
- A list of the members of the society
- The society’s constitution or a similar document setting out the aims and objectives of the society and its governance arrangements
- A written declaration from the applicant stating that they represent a bona fide non-commercial society.
22.12 The Licensing Authority shall refuse an application for registration if in the period of five years ending with the date of the application—E+W+S
- an operating licence held by the applicant for registration has been revoked under section 119(1) of the Act, or
- an application for an operating licence made by the applicant for registration has been refused.
22.13 The Licensing Authority may refuse an application for registration if they think that—E+W+S
- the applicant is not a non-commercial society,
- a person who will or may be connected with the promotion of the lottery has been convicted of a relevant offence, or
- information provided in or with the application for registration is false or misleading.
22.14 The Licensing Authority may only refuse an application for registration after the society has had the opportunity to make representations at a formal hearing. If the Licensing Authority is minded to refuse registration, it will inform the society of the reasons why it is minded to do so and provide it with an outline of the evidence on which it has reached that preliminary conclusion, in order to enable representations to be made.
22.15 Any representations received will be considered at a formal hearing and the following principles will be applied when reaching a decision:
- Whether allowing the registration of the society would be consistent with the Act
- Whether allowing the registration of the society would be consistent with the promotion of the licensing objectives
- Whether allowing the registration of the society would be consistent with any relevant code of practise issued by the Gambling Commission
Promotion of small society lotteries once registered
22.16 Participation in a lottery is a form of gambling, and as such the Licensing Authority requires societies that it registers to conduct their lotteries in a socially responsible manner and in accordance with the Act.
22.17 The Act requires that lottery tickets may only be sold by persons that are aged 16 or over to persons that are aged 16 or over.
22.18 As the minimum age for participation in a lottery is 16, the Licensing Authority expects those societies that it registers to have effective procedures to minimise the risk of lottery tickets being sold to children, including procedures for:
- checking the age of apparently underage purchasers of lottery tickets
- taking action where there are unlawful attempts to purchase tickets.
22.19 Lotteries may involve the issuing of physical or virtual tickets to participants (a virtual ticket being non-physical, for example in the form of an email or text message). All tickets must state:
- the name of the promoting society
- the price of the ticket, which must be the same for all tickets
- the name and address of the member of the society who is designated as having responsibility at the society for promoting small lotteries or, if there is one, the external lottery manager (ELM)
- the date of the draw, or information which enables the date to be determined.
22.20 The requirement to provide this information can be satisfied by providing an opportunity for the participant to retain the message electronically or print it.
22.21 The Licensing Authority expects all registered small society lottery operators to maintain written records of any unsold and returned tickets for a period of one year from the date of the lottery draw.
22.22 With regards to where small society lottery tickets may be sold, the Licensing Authority applies the following criteria to all small society lottery operators:
22.23 Lottery tickets must not be sold to a person in any street. For these purposes ‘street’ includes any bridge, road, lane, footway, subway, square, court, alley or passage (including passages through enclosed premises such as shopping malls) whether a thoroughfare or not. Tickets may, however, be sold in a street from a static structure such as a kiosk or display stand. Tickets may also be sold door to door. Licensees must ensure that they have any necessary local authority permissions, such as a street trading licence.
22.24 This approach is consistent with the operating licence conditions imposed upon operators of large society lotteries and local authority lotteries.
22.25 As the purpose of permitted lotteries is to raise money for non-commercial causes, the Act requires that a minimum proportion of the money raised by the lottery is channelled to the goals of the society that promoted the lottery. If a small society lottery does not comply with these limits it will be in breach of the Act’s provisions, and consequently be liable to prosecution.
22.26 The limits are as follows:
- at least 20% of the lottery proceeds must be applied to the purposes of the society
- no single prize may be worth more than £25,000
- rollovers between lotteries are only permitted where every lottery affected is also a small society lottery promoted by the same society, and the maximum single prize is £25,000
- every ticket in the lottery must cost the same and the society must take payment for the ticket fee before entry into the draw is allowed
22.27 The Act sets out the information that the promoting society of a small society lottery must send as returns to the licensing authority with which it is registered, following each lottery held. This information allows the Licensing Authority to assess whether financial limits are being adhered to and to ensure that any money raised is applied for the proper purpose.
22.28 The following information must be submitted:
- the arrangements for the lottery – specifically the date on which tickets were available for sale or supply, the dates of any draw and the value of prizes, including any donated prizes and any rollover
- the total proceeds of the lottery
- the amounts deducted by the promoters of the lottery in providing prizes, including prizes in accordance with any rollovers
- the amounts deducted by the promoters of the lottery in respect of costs incurred in organising the lottery
- the amount applied to the purpose for which the promoting society is conducted (this must be at least 20% of the proceeds)
- whether any expenses incurred in connection with the lottery were not paid for by deduction from the proceeds, and, if so, the amount of expenses and the sources from which they were paid.
22.29 The Act also requires that returns must:
- be sent to the Licensing Authority no later than three months after the date of the lottery draw, or in the case of ‘instant lotteries’ (scratch cards) within three months of the last date on which tickets were on sale
- be signed (electronic signatures are acceptable if the return is sent electronically) by two members of the society, who must be aged 18 or older, are appointed for the purpose in writing by the society or, if it has one, its governing body, and be accompanied by a copy of their letter or letters of appointment.
22.30 The Licensing Authority allows for returns to be sent to them both electronically and manually. The form of returns required can be downloaded from the Licensing Authority’s website.
22.31 Where societies run more than one lottery in a calendar year, the Licensing Authority will monitor the cumulative totals of returns to ensure that societies do not breach the annual monetary limit of £250,000 on ticket sales.
22.32 The Licensing Authority will notify the Commission if returns reveal that a society’s lotteries have exceeded the values permissible, and such notifications will be copied to the society in question.
Revocation of a registration
22.33 The Licensing Authority may determine to revoke the registration of a society if it thinks that they would have had to, or would be entitled to, refuse an application for registration if it were being made at that time.
22.34 Revocations cannot take place unless the society has been given an opportunity to make representations at a hearing. In preparation for this, the Licensing Authority will inform the society of the reasons why it is minded to revoke the registration and provide them with the evidence on which it has reached that preliminary conclusion.
22.35 Any representations received will be considered at a formal hearing and the following principles will be applied when reaching a decision:
- Whether allowing the registration of the society to continue would be consistent with the Act
- Whether allowing the registration of the society to continue would be consistent with the promotion of the licensing objectives
- Whether allowing the registration of the society to continue would be consistent with any relevant code of practise issued by the Gambling Commission.
23.1 To ensure the licensing objectives are met, we will establish a close working relationship with the police, the Gambling Commission and, where appropriate, other responsible authorities.
23.2 Subject to the provisions of relevant data protection legislation, we will share any information we receive through the application process with the Gambling Commission and any relevant responsible authority. In doing so we will have regard to the Act itself, any guidance issued by the Commission and to any Regulations issued by the Secretary of State. People can access personal information that we hold about them by contacting our Legal and Support Services team.
23.3 We are committed to being open about what we do and how we come to our decisions, in accordance with the spirit of the Freedom of Information Act 2000 (FOIA). An important feature of the FOIA is the requirement for each public authority to produce a publication scheme setting out what information it will publish as a matter of course, how and when it will
be published, and whether this information will be free of charge or on payment. Copies of our
FOI publication scheme are available on request from our Legal & Support Services team or
via the Council’s website www.wychavon.gov.uk
23.4 FOIA also provides the public with a general right of access to information held by public authorities, and subject to exemptions, be supplied with a copy of that information. Individual
requests should be made in writing to our Head of Legal Services, or via the Council’s website.
23.5 Unless restricted by the Gambling Act, details about applications, licenses and representations will be made available in our public register. Representations that we accept will be copied in their entirety to applicants, to provide an opportunity for mediation and to ensure that the rights of the applicant are not compromised.
24.1 The main enforcement and compliance role for us in terms of the Gambling Act 2005 will be to ensure compliance with the Premises Licenses and other permissions which it authorises. The Gambling Commission will be the enforcement body for the Operator and Personal Licenses and will also take the lead role on the investigation and where appropriate, the prosecution of illegal gambling. Any concerns about manufacture, supply or repair of gaming machines will
not be dealt with by us but will be notified to the Gambling Commission.
24.2 We will work with the Commission, the Police and other enforcing authorities, having regard to any specific guidance produced by the Gambling Commission, relevant codes of practice, the licensing objectives and this statement of principles, to provide for the targeting of agreed problem or high-risk premises. A lighter touch will be applied to those premises which are shown to be well managed and maintained.
24.3 The overall aim is to permit the use of premises for gambling. With that in mind it is intended
that action will generally be taken against “problem” premises through the licence review
24.4 We will also have regard to the Regulators’ Code whilst carrying out our regulatory functions.
24.5 We will endeavour to be proportionate, accountable, consistent, transparent and targeted, as well as avoiding duplication with other regulatory regimes so far as possible.
24.6 In order to ensure compliance with the law, the Licensing Authority will prepare a risk based Inspection Programme and will carry out regular ‘routine’ day time programmed inspections, based on risk assessment in the categories High, Medium and Low and will also carry out ‘non routine’ evening programmed inspections. Where a one off event takes place under a Temporary Use Notice or Occasional Use Notice, the Licensing Authority may also carry out inspections to ensure the Licensing Objectives are being promoted.
24.7 High-risk premises are those premises that have a history of complaints and require greater attention with low risk premises needing only a lighter touch so that resources are effectively concentrated on problem premises.
25.1 A review of a premises licence can be made by interested parties or responsible authorities, however, we will decide if the review is to be carried out on the basis of the following:
- In accordance with any relevant Code of Practice and/or guidance issued by the Gambling Commission
- Consistent with the licensing objectives
- In accordance with our statement of principle
25.2 We will also consider whether or not the request for a review is frivolous, vexatious, or repetitious or whether we would wish to alter/revoke or suspend the licence.
25.3 As Licensing Authority we can initiate a review of a premises licence on the basis of any reason which we think appropriate, including if a premises licence holder has not provided facilities for gambling at the premises. This is to prevent people from applying for licenses in a speculative manner without intending to use them.
25.4 Once a valid application for a review has been received by us, representations can be made by responsible authorities and interested parties during the statutory consultation period. The purpose of the review will be to determine whether we should take any action in relation to the licence. The options available are:
- Add, remove or amend a licence condition;
- Remove or amend a default condition, such as opening hours;
- Suspend the premises licence for a period not exceeding 3 months;
- Revoke the licence.
List of Consultees
Chief Officer of West Mercia Police
All Other Responsible Authorities Identified in the Gambling Act 2005
Worcestershire Safeguarding Children Partnership
Director of Public Health
Town and Parish Councils
Holders of Premises Licences issued by the Council under the Gambling Act 2005
Gambling Trade Associations
Betting and Gaming Council
Hospice Lotteries Association
Organisations working with those who have a gambling problem
Gordon Moody Association